In accordance with GSP/Taqadum’s Local Financial Management Module of the framework, which was presented and approved at the project’s February 2015 National Local Finance Management workshop held for provincial officials and representatives from the ministries of Health and Education, Ministry of Municipalities and Public Works, Ministry of State for Governorates’ Affairs (MOSGA), and Council of Ministers’ Secretariat (COMSEC), project Finance specialists have been working with the 15 provinces to implement the Module in stages. (Note: Due to the Ministry of Finance’s (MOF’s) initial resistance to the financial module, the Module did not receive the MOF’s support until August 2015.)


Organizational development (OD) is an ongoing, systematic process of implementing effective structural change by using organizational resources to improve efficiency. It can be used to solve problems within the organization, or as a way to analyze processes and find more efficient ways of meeting goals. All organizations have work processes. “Mapping” work processes provides a common framework for all involved that enhances not only lines of communication within an organization, but also an understanding of the roles and responsibilities of staff within the organization. “Process Mapping” techniques focus on identifying, planning, and implementing improvements to each process with the ultimate goal of improving the organization’s efficiency levels.

Muthanna Agriculture Directorate Process Mapping


GSP/Taqadum service delivery work enables local governments to manage not only services they deliver to their constituents, but to also improve those services and their implementation. This involves using systemic scientific methodology, adoption of a Performance Management System that identifies the status of those services and compares that status with measurable standards. This is done by developing qualitative and quantitative result and performance indicators, and solutions to fill gaps that might be (and in many cases are) present in the performance of those services, including resource management, responses to the main service issues where it might be required to develop procedures and actions need to maintain services and/or upgrade the services using the indicators.



Implementation of decentralization requires a sound legal environment that addresses transfer from centralization into decentralization. GSP/Taqadum succeeded to build consensus among 10 governorates to draft amendments to 35 conflicting laws with decentralization (including 131 articles) and have Provincial Councils, and/or Governor’s Offices send official letters to the Council of Ministers and/or the Council of Representatives during FY2015. In addition, GSP/Taqadum assisted the Governor’s Offices and directorates in defining their roles, responsibilities, authorities, and working relations through on-the-job training and institutionalizing it through written policy. Ultimately, GSP/Taqadum will assist national and provincial governments with both executive and legislative branches to develop and institutionalize through local legislation the monitoring roles, responsibilities, and accountability framework among them.