SERVICE DELIVERY TRAINING AND SERVICE DELIVERY IMPROVEMENT PLAN (SDIP) DEVELOPMENT (SD1) AND IMPLEMENTATION (SD2) FOR THE FIVE SELECTED SERVICE AREAS IN THE TEN NEWLY TARGETED PROVINCES (VEGETATION PRODUCTION, PRIMARY ROADS, ORPHANAGES, VOCATIONAL TRAINING, AND YOUTH SERVICES FOR SPECIFIC AGE CATEGORIES) IN 12 PROVINCES.
The heart of GSP/Taqadum’s decentralization work is to improve the delivery of services to Iraq’s citizens. Underlying this is the project’s premise that the provincial governments we work with will be able to respond more effectively and efficiently to the needs of their communities than the Baghdad-located federal government’s ministerial directorates. The proximity of local government to it constituents engenders a greater capacity to respond to their needs and preferences, and allows citizens to more closely monitor the actions of their elected officials.
The SDIP process is key to improving the delivery of services and involves developing a comprehensive work plan to address management issues that will improve the level of services delivered to citizens. It begins with the establishment of a Service Delivery Improvement Plan Development Committee (SDIPDC) within each service-focused provincial directorate chaired by the directorate’s Planning Department Manager. The SDIPDC’s main responsibility is to identify and define suitable performance standards and indicators for each service that can be objectively measured (qualitatively and/or quantitatively) to enable government officials to concretely and realistically address service delivery and management issues.
Once the performance standards and indicators are identified and defined, SDIPDC members measure the “as-is” or current status of each given service and compare this measurement to the accepted standard (what should be). The difference between the standard and the “as-is” is the “gap” that needs to be closed in order for the standard to be reached. Three different analysis tools are used to determine the gap: 1) the Gap Analysis Tool (GAT), which contains 14 criteria that can have a direct effect on the gap, and if addressed can close the gap; 2) SWOT, which explores Strengths-Weaknesses-Opportunities-Threats to determine what steps can be taken to close the gap; and 3) SMART, which analyzes the data gathered by the GAT and SWOT to identify Specific-Measureable-Achievable-Realistic-Time-bound goals from which: a) short-term solutions are developed to reduce the gap, as well as b) long- term ones that concretely close the gap.
Taken together, these three analytical tools identify objective short- and long-term solutions to be implemented to improve the delivery of services, and at the same time represent an SDIP framework that once completed, is presented by the SDIPDC to the Governor’s Office Task Force (TF) The TF consists of technical experts and is chaired by the Governor or a respective Directorate-related official, e.g., the Education Directorate Manager, a Directorate-related Provincial Council member, etc. At the same time, the SDIP is put on the province’s website for citizens to comment on and provide input. The TF reviews, discusses, and provides feedback to the SDIPDC on possible modifications to the SDIP. Once the TF’s review process is completed, the SDIP is then submitted to the Governor for adoption and is ready to be implemented.
Major challenges in developing SDIPs are: 1) a lack of data to determine the “as-is” situation of the service; 2) a lack of an Investment Budget for service improvements; and 3) determining appropriate and effective mitigations and measures to reduce the service gap.
1. Establish Service Delivery Improvement Plan Development Committee (SDIPDC) within each service-focused provincial directorate
2. The SDIPDC is responsible for the following:
3. Use the results of the above to develop short-term solutions to reduce the gap, and long-term solutions to close the gap – the framework of the SDIP
4. Present SDIP to Governor’s Office Task Force (TF) for review and post on provincial government websites to obtain citizen feedback
5. Submit SDIP to Governor for adoption
6. Once adopted, implementation of the SDIP begins