During Year 4, we began expanding the decentralization mandate to other provinces. Ten more provinces were added to the original list of five, when the change to the original scope began in July 2014. The addition of the ten was split into two stages. The first one took place on September 28, 2014, with the addition of two provinces (Diyala and Kirkuk) and the second one took place on May 22, 2015 (Basrah, Dhi Qar, Maysan, Muthanna, Karbala, Anbar, Salah ad Din, and Ninewa). Our work plan outlines working with three of the eight ministries mentioned in Law 21 as amended (Health, Education, and Municipalities and Public Work). Similar to the original five provinces, GSP/Taqadum staff has used the same approach with the remaining ten.
The Project’s general approach is to help provinces prepare an effective transition plan for the transfer of ministerial functions to provinces and take steps for developing a service delivery improvement plan, given the decentralization challenges and legal, financial, and administrative opportunities. The Project prepared its decentralization mapping and analysis plans (DMAPs), rolling them out to stakeholders, and seeking consensus on next steps. The DMAPs identified, analyzed, and determined transferable ministerial functions. In addition, the Project has used the Gap Analysis Tool (GAT) to identify the elements most affecting the services and rank them according to their effect. The newly added provinces were paired with the original five. This pairing – just one aspect of the Project comprehensive and unified Intergovernmental Coordination Improvement Plan (ICIP) aimed at replicating the Project results in these added provinces – fosters cross-province exchanges of ideas, knowledge, tools, methods, practices, and suggestions.