IRAQI PRESIDENCY SENDS PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS BILL TO COUNCIL OF REPRESENTATIVES

Al-Sumaria News, Feb. 20: The Iraqi Presidency announced that it sent the new Council of Representatives (COR) Elections bill to the COR. The proposed bill provides that the President of the Republic will set the elections date after coordination with the Council of Ministers (COM) and Independent High Electoral Commission (IHEC) before the balloting date no later than 90 days. A COR member candidate should meet additional requirements besides the legal ones, including minimum age of 25 years, preparatory school certificate or equivalent in the least, not convicted of honor crime with a decisive judgement, not a member of Armed Forces or Security Institutions, not working with the IHEC, including Commissioners Board members and General Directors. Each province will be a separate electoral district.

The Parliament (i.e. COR) will consist of 328 seats of which 318 will be for the provinces, and the remaining ten as community component quotas; six of which for Christians; one seat to Ninawa, Erbil, Duhok, and Kirkuk each; and two for Baghdad, with one for Armenians. Ninawa Yezidi and Shabak components will have a seat each; and one for Sabian Mandaeans and one for Feyli Kurds in Baghdad.

As for the competing entities, the mixed system is proposed where half of the seats in the constituency are distributed by reordering all the list nominees, based on the number of votes of each. The first winner will be the one who wins the highest number of votes in all the province lists within a single constituency regardless of the list, and the same with the rest of the candidates. The remaining half of the seats are divided by the lists according to the total number of votes obtained by each list in a single constituency, according to the Sainte-Laguë method (average 1.5, 3, 5, 7, 9, etc.) by resequencing their nominees. Women should be at least 25% of the total list candidates and have access to at least 25% of the seats by the same aforementioned mechanisms.

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